It is very important to make sure that the number and size of beekeeping farms in our country becomelarger. But this can only be achieved if this business is profitable. It is the economic attractiveness that can create conditions for the development of this thematic. In the end, people are more interested in the economic side of the matter, rather than the environmental benefits of beekeeping.
Unfortunately, quite often there is a situation when people start, take, create their own apiaries, enter the beekeeping business, but because of low profitability they stop their activities. Why is this happening? There are many reasons for this. Here are some of them:
- An unprofessional approach to keeping bee families and doing business - in fact, we do not have systematic training in beekeeping. People take up this business without prior preparation, just ask their friends how, look at others, but no one really prepares for the beekeeping business in detail. Everyone's lack of knowledge is a very critical factor. There are people who have vast experience and are successful because they have gained everything from their own experience. Beginners, unfortunately, do not learn from the mistakes of others, experienced ones. And it turns out a pattern: they take it, they don’t know how, where to take the bees in order to get the maximum honey harvest, they don’t know how to care for them, they lose money on unnecessary things, they don’t receive enough income, they often suffer unnecessary losses / losses, sometimes up to the loss of all apiaries. The lack of profit leads to the fact that people simply leave the business, leave it.
- Climate change - changing climatic conditions are hitting beekeeping very hard. In fact, both the schedule, timing, and the geography of flowering of various plants are shifting. The beekeepers do not know about this either. Many continue to travel to their usual places at the usual time, and the flowering schedule has already changed. You need to be very flexible in adapting to changing flowering conditions, and not many can do this.
- Lack of conditions for bee farms - farmers everywhere use chemicals that simply kill the bee business. Farmers do not warn beekeepers about the time and composition of the chemicals used, which leads to the fact that not only individual families of individual beekeepers die, but entire apiaries. Ordinary farmers do not understand the importance of having beekeepers near their farms to increase yields, and there is a lack of communication and cooperation between them.
- Market factors - all of the above factors affect the increase in third-party costs: for more frequent transportation, for top dressing, etc. When ancillary operating expenses rise and income does not increase, this also leads to a decrease in the profitability of the business and interest in it.
What does the project propose to do?
First of all, the project works for beekeepers in the Fergana region, where the NGO "Ho'qandi latif kelajagi" is located, which deals with this problem. The project involves training local beekeepers to create conditions for increasing the profitability of the beekeeping business in order to increase the chances of their prosperity and development. NGO plans to conduct training in the following areas:
- How to grow queen cells and increase your income from the additional sale of queen cells;
- How to get royal jelly and sell it to increase your profitability;
- How to get bee venom to sell and increase your profitability;
- What are the specifics of the sale of honey, the collection and sale of bee bread and propolis, bags and other bee products, its certification, etc.;
in addition, the project plans
- to train and help beekeepers in growing subspecies of Karainka and Buckfast bees, which have valuable biological and economic characteristics;
- to train beekeepers in the specifics of choosing the place and time of rotation of the location of apiaries in order to obtain the greatest honey collection.
The project aims to train at least 22 beekeepers on the specified topics and increase their profitability. In addition, the project will create 4 educational films on the specified topics, which will be available to all beekeepers in Uzbekistan.
Contact person, project manager - Aliyev Marufjon (see contacts in the project application)
Download project application (in Russian)
Download project budget(in Russian)